The original work is dated 1885-1886 and is kept at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, USA. This is one of three views of Gardanne, a hill...
Cezanne, a particularly complex French post-impressionist painter and forerunner of Cubism, stated that: "There are two things in painting: the eye and the brain, and both must help each other". Paul Cézanne was born in France, in Aix-en-Provence, on 1839 into a wealthy family; his father was of Italian descent. He attended the best schools and had a humanistic education; Emile Zola was his school mate and great friend. Alfred de Musset and Victor Hugo were his great literary heroes; Paul also studied music and drawing. He enrolled in Law, but soon decided to devote himself only to painting, establishing his studio in the family country house called Jas de Bouffan. In Paris he continued his studies from 1960 and attended the Louvre; he met Bazille, Monet, Pissarro, Renoir, Sisley. In 1964 he returned to Aix and visited many French towns for some periods. The Salon refused on several occasions to exhibit his paintings.
About Delacroix, he defined his palette "the most beautiful in France" and that no one else had ever had the same sense of the "vibration of color", he also stated that "We all paint following him. To correct Delacroix's extreme romanticism, he learned Courbet's lesson. Between Paris, Aix and L'Estaque, between 1866 and 1970, Cezanne lived with the young Hortense Fiquet, from whom he had a son, Paul. They moved later to Auvers-sur-Oise. In 1874 he participated in the first exhibition of the Impressionists in Paris, without any success. His father took away the financial aid that had always supported him and he isolated himself, disappointed by the continuous failures. After leaving his wife and son in Paris, he retired to Aix, painting very large canvases. In 1906, painting en plein air, a thunderstorm caught him by surprise and the resulting pneumonia led him to death in a few days. In 1907 his works were exhibited at the Salon d'Automne, influencing the new generations of artists, laying the foundations for Cubism and the artistic avant-garde of the 1900s.