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Georges Seurat, Pointillism as an expression of art

Georges Seurat

Georges Seurat was born in 1859 in Paris, lived for a few years with his family in Fontainebleau and then again in Paris where he studied at college until 1875; he loved to draw and paint and enrolled in the municipal school of drawing. He studied the ancient classics and deeply admired the neoclassical Ingres, also through the courses of his student at the school of Fine Arts. He studied Chevreul's colour theory and studied the works on display at the Louvre Museum. In 1879 he visited an exhibition of the Impressionists and was deeply impressed by their works, realizing that the academic tradition was no longer a sufficient education for that time. For a year he served as a soldier at Brest and in 1881 he continued his studies on light and colour in Paris. Conobbe Signac and together with others joined the Societé des Artistes Indépendants.

The dot technique characterized Seurat's painting and the study of the optical mixture of colors and its application defined it as Neo-Impressionist. Scientific impressionism thus differed from the original, more romantic Impressionism. Seurat was a French Neo-Impressionist painter, an exponent of Divisionism and a precursor of Punchtinism. Dot painting was the means by which he wanted to achieve the extreme brilliance of colours through their optical mixing. In 1890 he had a son with the model with whom he lived and in 1891 he fell ill and died suddenly.

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A Sunday on la Grande Jatte

A Sunday afternoon on the island of Grande-Jatte in some respects can be considered a work belonging to Impressionism because of the use of pure...