The original work is dated 1495 and is kept at the British Museum in London, Great Britain. Considered the greatest exponent of German Renaissance...
Painter and mathematician is considered the greatest representative of the German Renaissance, travels a lot and brings modernity to the art of northern Europe, bringing together in his works characteristics of Italian and Flemish painting. Albrecht Durer was born in 1471 into a goldsmith family in Nuremberg and after attending school for several years he went into his father's workshop where he learned the techniques of metal engraving and love for the great Flemish artists. In 1484 he designed his "Self-portrait at thirteen years of age", now in the Albertina Museum in Vienna, with a silver tip. The young talented man expressed the will to become a painter and began the apprenticeship in the workshop of Michael Wolgemut, painter and xylographer in Nuremberg.
From 1490 and for the next 4 years he travelled around the world, went to Cologne, Haarlem, Ghent and Bruges, where he came into contact with Flemish painting, working to maintain himself. He went to Colmar and Basel, where he became a skilled illustrator. Leaving Basel, he arrived in Strasbourg in 1493, his style now mature. Back in Nuremberg, he married Agnes Frey by paternal decision, but his marriage was not happy and he had no children. He painted watercolours and produced many engravings on copper. In 1494 he went to Italy for the first time, leaving his young wife alone at home for more than a year. He visited Tyrol, Trentino, Padua, Mantua, Pavia and Venice, where he did not study perspective techniques but was attracted by women's clothes, lobsters and the human body inserted in his space of movement.
Returning home he dwelt on Lake Garda and Trento. Once at home, in 1495, he decided to open a shop where his activity as a xylographer and a calcographer began, since painting did not allow him great earnings. Of this period are its major engravings. In 1496 the Prince of Saxony Federico, according to the essay, commissioned several paintings from Durer, who finally began his career as a painter. Portrait painter for wealthy nobles, in 1498 he painted the famous "Self-Portrait with Gloves", today preserved at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where he represents himself as the artists known in Venice, humanists of great culture and elegant in dressing. Watercolours and engravings follow one another, techniques are becoming more and more refined, colours and the influence of light on them become important. In 1504 he painted, commissioned by Frederick the Wise, "The Adoration of the Magi", today preserved in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. The following year he undertook another trip to Italy, probably to escape an epidemic, as well as to deepen his studies on perspective and immerse himself in a culturally alive environment.