The Birth of Venus, also well known as Botticelli's Venus, is a work created in 1482 on two canvases combined with the technique of tempera on...
Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi (known as Sandro Botticelli) was born in Florence in 1445 (1510 Florence died); his father was a leather tanner and kept the family with his work in his workshop. He was probably a child of poor health who preferred reading to outdoor games. He received an initial education in the workshop of his goldsmith brother, presumably, and was later apprenticed in the workshop of the painter Filippo Lippi from 1464 to 1467. He worked with it in Prato, and date back to that period many Madonnas attributed to it, now guests of the largest museums in the world. In 1468 he went to the workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio and was also influenced by Antonio del Pollaiuolo. In 1470 Sandro opened his shop and received the first public commission. The themes of beauty and love were essential in the neo-platonic philosophy that so deeply influenced Sandro Botticelli.
He always exalted grace, intellectual elegance and the delicate representation of feelings. The intense lyricism was accompanied by a marked linearism, naturalism in perfect equilibrium with the refinement of the forms. His style was different from his contemporaries, unique in the Florentine panorama of the time. The protection of the Medici family guaranteed him numerous commissions. He participated in frescoing the walls of the Sistine Chapel in Rome, but in the autumn of 1482 returned to Florence because of the death of his father and remained there. He accepted new commissions in his hometown and Lorenzo the Magnificent entrusted him with various tasks. The Spring and the Birth of Venus can be dated to the years from 1477 to 1485. A mystical crisis after the arrival of Savonarola and the death of Lorenzo de' Medici in 1492 deeply influenced him. He received serious accusations of sodomy, from which he was discharged. In the early 1500s its fame was overshadowed by the already established Leonardo and the young Michelangelo. He died in 1510 in solitude and poverty. His true heir was Filippino Lippi, son of his master Filippo Lippi.